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School of the Soldier
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School of the Soldier

The object of this School being the individual and progressive instruction of the recruits. The instructor will never require a movement to be executed until he has given an exact explanation of it and then executes, himself, the movement which he commands, so as to join example to precept. He accustoms the recruit to take, by himself, the position which is explained, teaches him to rectify it only when required by his want of knowledge, and sees that all the movements are performed without precipitation.

Each movement should be understood before passing to another. After they have been properly executed in the order laid down in each lesson, the instructor no longer confines himself to that order; on the contrary, he should change it that he may judge of the intelligence of the men.

The instructor allows the men to rest at the end of each part of the lessons, and oftener, if he thinks proper, especially at the commencement; for this purpose he commands REST.

At the command REST, the soldier is no longer required to preserve immobility, or to remain in his place. If the instructor wishes merely to relieve the attention of the recruit, he commands, "in place-REST"; the soldier is then not required to preserve his immobility, but he always keeps one of his feet in its place.

When the instructor wishes to commence the instruction, he commands ATTENTION; at this command the soldier takes his position, remains motionless, and fixes his attention.

The School of the Soldier will be divided into three parts. The first, comprehending what ought to be taught to recruits without arms. The second is the manual of arms, and the loadings and firings. The third, the principles of alignment, the march by the front, the different steps, the march by the flank, the principles of wheeling and those of change of direction; also, long marches in double quick time and the run.

Lesson 1.Position of the soldier without arms - Eyes right, left and front.

Lesson 2.Counting.
Lesson 2.Facings.
Lesson 3.Principles of the direct step in common and quick time.
Lesson 4.Principles of the direct step in double quick time and the run.

Lesson 1.Principles of shouldered arms.
Lesson 2.Manual of arms.
Lesson 3.To load and fire in nine times and at will.
Lesson 4.Firings, direct, oblique, by file and by rank.
Lesson 5.To fire and load, kneeling and lying.
Lesson 6.The principles of the revolver.

Lesson 1.Union of eight or twelve men for instruction in the principles of alignment.
Lesson 2.The direct march, the oblique march, and the different steps.
Lesson 3 .The march by the flank.
Lesson 4.Principles of wheeling and change of direction.
Lesson 5.Long marches in double quick time, and the run, with arms.
Heels on the same line Because, if one were in the rear of the other, the shoulder on that side would be thrown back, or the position of the soldier would be constrained.

Heels more or less closedBecause, men who are knock-kneed, or who have legs with large calves, cannot, without constraint, make their heels touch while standing.

The feet equally turned out, and not forming too large an angle, Because, if one foot were turned out more than the other, a shoulder would be deranged, and if both feet be too much turned out, it would not be practicable to incline the upper part of the body forward without rendering the whole position unsteady.

Knees extended without stiffness;
Because if stiffened, constraint and fatigue would be unavoidable.
The body erect on the hips;
Because it gives equilibrium to the position. The instructor will observe that many recruits have the bad habit of dropping a shoulder, of drawing in a side, or of advancing a hip, particularly the right, when under arms. These are defects he will labor to correct.

The upper part of the body inclining forward ;
Because, commonly, recruits are disposed to do the reverse, to project the belly and to throw back the shoulders, when they wish to hold themselves erect, from which result great inconveniences in marching. The habit of inclining forward the upper part of the body is so important to contract, that the instructor must enforce it at the beginning, particularly with recruits who have naturally the opposite habit. Shoulders square;

Because if the shoulders be advanced beyond the line of the breast, and the, back arched (the defect called round -shouldered, not uncommon with recruits,) the man cannot align himself, nor use his piece with address. It is important, then, to correct this defect, and necessary to that end that the coat should set easy about the shoulders and arm pits - but in correcting this defect, the instructor should take care that the shoulders be not thrown too much to the rear, which would cause the belly to project, and the small of the back to be, curved.

The arms hanging naturally, elbows near the body, the palm of the hand a little turned to the front, the little finger behind the seam of the pantaloons ;

Because these positions are equally important to the shoulder arms, and to prevent the man from occupying more space in a rank than is necessary to it free use of the piece; they have, moreover, the advantage of keeping in. the shoulders.

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